Lord Moran (Charles McMoran Wilson) (1882-1977): archives
- Moran, Charles McMoran Wilson, Baron (1882-1977)
- Archives and manuscripts
About this work
The collection covers Lord Moran's life and career. It includes papers (committee minutes, correspondence, notes, printed material, ephemera, articles, parliamentary papers, etc.) re his position as Dean of St Mary's Hospital Medical School, 1920-1945; as President at the Royal College of Physicians, 1941-1950; his role in negotiations over the establishment and structure of the NHS, 1942-1960; as Chairman of the Awards Committee, 1948-1962. His other professional activities are covered in general correspondence files; a series of medical records, including material on Winston Churchill, 1944-1965; subject files relating to his role on various government, educational and medical bodies, including the commission to determine whether Rudolph Hess was mentally fit to stand trial in 1945.
The collection includes drafts and papers relating to The Anatomy of Courage, (including photocopies of his World War I army notebooks), and Winston Churchill: Struggle for Survival. In this book, as in his later volume on Churchill, Lord Moran alludes to his diaries. But as he indicated in the prefaces to both books he did not keep a diary in the ordinary sense of the word. From the World War I period, there survive several army notebooks with loose pages of notes. The notes in the volumes are not consecutive, and few passages are straightforward narrative descriptions; they appear in some cases to be written up from earlier jottings. Similarly, among the loose pages there seem to be few contemporary descriptions of events, though several may represent earlier drafts of thoughts which were later transcribed into the notebooks. The book Winston Churchill: Struggle for Survival also had a long gestation. The first section covering the World War II period up to 1947 was completed by 1949. There is a closely written loose-leaf manuscript book, which overflowed into collections of separate pages, covering the years 1940 to 1947. Judging by the varied use of past, present and future tenses and references under some dates to events that had not yet happened this volume must have been a fair copy of some earlier writing. There are further manuscript books, mixture of notes, diary and medical details continuing to 1955 and many pieces of paper, often backs of envelopes, with vignettes of a few lines elaborating particular ideas; some of these jottings, more or less modified, found a place in the book.
For the period after the war, as well as the jottings, there are letters written by Lord Moran to his family, many of which they kept. He drew on these when writing his Churchill book.
There is also a section of unpublished writings and speeches, 1921-1970.
Papers consulted by Professor Lovell in Australia while writing his biography of Lord Moran, were returned in two batches, the first in April 1990, when he helped with the initial sorting and listing of the papers, and the second in April 1991. Some of these papers have been returned to the main body of the collection, however most have been kept in a separate section in the list (Section L). Section S, comprising drafts of Lovell's biography of Lord Moran, apparently acquired c.1994, was added in Aug 2005.
The collection also contains personal and family material, photographs, press cuttings and ephemera, and a section comprising personal and professional papers of Lord Moran's wife Dorothy, Lady Moran (d.1983).
The language of the papers is mainly English. Section K contains foreign versions of "Struggle for Survival", in French, Spanish, Japanese, German, Italian, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian and Danish. There are some German press reviews of "Struggle for Survival" in Section N.
A. St Mary's Hospital, -1972
B. Royal College of Physicians, 1928-1973
C. National Health Service, 1942-1960
D. Awards Committee, -1962
E. General Correspondence Files, 1918-1975
F. Medical Records, c.1918-1970
G. Subject Files, [1920s]-1968
H. Speeches and Writings, 1921-1970
I. Anatomy of Courage, -1973
J. Struggle for Survival, Publication Papers, 1949-1975
K. Struggle for Survival, Drafts and Background Notes, 1940-1968
L. Papers Consulted By Professor Lovell, 1919-1971
M. Personal Papers, 1882-1974
N. Press Cuttings, 1917-1977
P. Photographs, -1975
Q. Dorothy, Lady Moran's Papers, 1898-1976
R. Ephemera, 1925-1972
S. Richard R H Lovell's Biography of Lord Moran, 1989-1992
In addition to his role in medical politics he published two influential books. The Anatomy of Courage, published in February 1945, a study of the psychological effects of war, was a result of his experiences as a medical officer in the First World War and his work on shell-shock at a stationary hospital in Boulogne and later in Cambridge, where he met his wife, Dorothy Dufton. Throughout the 1930s he lectured to army colleges on morale in war and eventually brought all these thoughts together in the course of the Second World War, when he was travelling with Winston Churchill as his doctor. It is probably as Winston Churchill's doctor, that Lord Moran is best remembered and his second book Winston Churchill: Struggle for Survival, published fifteen months after his famous patient's death, was the subject of much controversy about the ethics of a doctor publishing information about a patient.
A summary list of the main points and events in the life of Lord Moran can be found in the hard copy catalogue in the Rare Materials Room of the Wellcome Library.
For further biographical information see Churchill's Doctor : A Biography of Lord Moran, by Richard Lovell (London: Royal Society of Medicine, 1992).
Location of duplicates