Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
- Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
- Archives and manuscripts
About this work
The archive of the CSP provides a comprehensive record of its activities and development, dating back to its foundation - with two press cuttings books of the 1894 'massage scandals' (P.1), and Council minutes from 1894 onwards (B.1). Current records - those less than approximately five to ten years old - are still held by the CSP offices, and will be transferred to the archive periodically.
The core of the collection is formed by complete runs of minute books for the various committees. There are no committee working papers or correspondence files other than those bound with the minutes. The central body - the Council - has run uninterrupted since the formation of the Society, but all other committees, such as the Policy and Resources Committee, the Executive Committee and the various examination committees, have undergone periodic reorganisation, dissolution or changing of their terms of reference. In cataloguing the archive, the minute books for dissolved committees have been arranged in series with the minutes of their successor committees.
Education and examination has always been a central activity of the CSP, and pertinent records include minutes for all the major committees and sub-committees (C.1), as well as material relating to the actual administration of examinations: syllabuses, examination papers, result books and reports (C.2).
Records relating to membership include membership registers 1895-1975, published lists of members 1920-1986 and minutes and registers of the fund and prize committees 1949-1957 (D). Records of some branches and special interest groups within the CSP can be found in section J.
The CSP acted to protect and improve the status of its members within the medical profession. Material relating to this activity can be found in section F, especially in connection with the debates on the place of physiotherapy within the NHS - training, conditions of service and its existence as a profession distinct from others such as occupational therapy. These topics are also discussed in publications (N). Other publications illustrate specific physiotherapy and lifting techniques and advertise physiotherapy as a career.
Section P contains 'historical' material relating to the early years of the Society: the 'massage scandal' press cuttings, and correspondence re the Harley Institute massage school 1912-1914. Section P also contains material relating to the writing of the Society's commissioned histories, and personal papers and reminiscences, including a group of papers and photographs relating to Olive Guthrie-Smith and the Swedish Institute, (later St Mary's Hospital School of Physiotherapy), 1904-1939.
There is a substantial photograph collection (Q.1), dating from 1900-1990s, illustrating many aspects of the Society's work as well as specific treatments and hospital departments. There are also sound recordings (Q.3), posters (Q.5) and a video cassette produced by the CSP (Q.6).
The collection includes the archives of three other organisations. The Physiotherapists' Association Ltd amalgamated with the CSP in 1970, and its rather sparse records include Executive Committee minutes and publications 1949-1970 (K). The Society of Remedial Gymnasts amalgamated with the CSP in 1985, and its extensive papers, 1946-1986, include Council, AGM and Committee minutes, membership registers, discussion of training schools, and a complete series of its journal (L). The East Surrey Mobile Physiotherapy Unit Ltd records include a full run of Committee of Management minutes from 1942 until 1984, when the Unit was integrated into the East Surrey Health Authority. Its other records include annual reports and accounts, and photographs 1942-1978 (M). The Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Women's Health (R) amalgamated with the CSP in 1957 and became a Society Special Interest Group. The collection contains a complete run of official minutes and other committee papers along with material relating to education, Association newsletters/journals, historical and AV material and a box of equipment.
The collection is divided into sections as follows:
A AGM, Annual Reports and Year Books, 1920-1991
B Council and Central Administrative Committees, 1894-1983
C Education and Examinations, 1906-1985
D Membership, 1895-1986
E Journal and Public Relations, 1915-1987
F Industrial Relations and Liaison, 1915-1989
G International Affairs Advisory Committee, 1953-1987
H Legal Documents and Property Administration, 1918-1969
J Branches and Special Interest Groups, 1929-1989
K Physiotherapists' Association Ltd, 1949-1970
L Society of Remedial Gymnasts, 1946-1986
M East Surrey Mobile Physiotherapy Unit, 1942-1982
P 'Historical' Material, Reminiscences and Personal Papers, 1894-1983
Q Audio-Visual Material
R The Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Women's Health
The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy deposited its papers with the Wellcome Library in November 1994.
A few items from the CSP's 'old books' collection were accepted by the Wellcome Library's Modern Medicine collection. Others duplicated those already held and were dispersed elsewhere.
Accession 2047 was donated by the ACPWH in January 2014.
The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy began life in 1894, after a series of 'massage scandals' in the popular press prompted nine nurses and midwives to form a council of trained masseuses. In February 1895 this was officially launched as The Society of Trained Masseuses. The Society set examinations and educational standards, inspected training schools, and quickly embraced wider methods of treatment, including medical gymnastics, hydrotherapy and electro-therapy. It also acted to protect and improve the status of its members within the medical hierarchy. The Society became incorporated in 1900, and in 1920 amalgamated with the Institute of Massage and Remedial Exercises, changing its name to the Chartered Society of Massage and Medical Gymnastics. In 1943 the name was changed again to the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, and amalgamation with the Incorporation of Physiotherapists took place in 1945. Further amalgamations occurred in 1968 - with The Faculty of Physiotherapists, with The Obstetric Physiotherapists' Association in 1957, with The Physiotherapists Association Ltd in 1970 and with the Society of Remedial Gymnasts and Recreational Therapy in 1985. In 1976 the Society registered as an independent trade union. By 2015 the Society had over 53,000 members, working and teaching both within the NHS and privately.
The CSP has commissioned two histories: The growth of a profession, Jane Wicksteed, London, 1948 and In Good Hands, Jean Barclay, London, 1994. Both are available in the Wellcome Library.
An outline chronology follows:
1894 'Massage scandals' reported in newspapers
Nine nurses and midwives form a council of trained masseuses
Oct 1894 'Massage notes' supplement published monthly in Nursing Notes
Feb 1895 The Society of Trained Masseuses formed by Rosalind Paget and Lucy Robinson
Seven certificates awarded to examined candidates
Oct 1895 First Committee meeting
Feb 1896 First AGM
Jun 1900 Incorporation: becomes The Incorporated Society of Trained Masseuses, annual subscription introduced
1905 First male candidates (from RAMC) examined, but not admitted to membership
Examinations in Dublin
1908 Employment of paid secretary
1910 Examination in Swedish remedial exercise
Jul 1911 Examination for teachers of Swedish remedial exercise
1911 Lecture centres opened outside London
1912 Northern Examinations Centre, Manchester, established
Headquarters established at Mortimer Street
1913 Practical experience becomes essential part of training
Examination of teachers of massage and medical gymnastics
1914 Founders' Lecture instituted
Almeric Paget Massage Corps and United Services Massage League formed for war service
Inspection of training schools instituted
1915 Examination in medical electricity
Journal of the ISTM launched
ISTM badge introduced
1916 Queen Mary becomes Patroness
Examination of blind candidates
Branch office, Manchester established
1919 Masseurs, physical training college certificate holders and blind persons admitted to membership
Course for teachers of medical electricity
1920 Royal Charter granted: change of name to The Chartered Society of Massage and Medical Gymnastics, amalgamation with the Institute of Massage and Remedial Gymnastics
Conjoint (massage and Swedish remedial exercises), light and electrotherapy examinations introduced
1922 Association of Teachers of the Chartered Society formed - first special interest group
1927 Conjoint examination established as minimum qualification for membership
1928 Headquarters move to Tavistock House
Lecture Centres replaced by Branches; Central Branches Committee established
1929 Examination in light and electrotherapy
1936 Massage Corps established for war service
1938 Armorial bearings granted
Branches Organisation established
1943 Change of name to The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
1945 Amalgamation with the Incorporation of Physiotherapists
1947 Inauguration of NHS
Integrated three-year training course introduced
1951 World Confederation for Physiotherapy inaugural meeting, Copenhagen
1953 Queen Elizabeth II becomes Patroness
1960 Professions Supplementary to Medicine Act
1962 State registration introduced for professions supplementary to medicine
1966 Purchase and rebuilding of headquarter offices in Bedford Row
1968 Amalgamation with The Faculty of Physiotherapists
1970 Amalgamation with The Physiotherapists Association Ltd
1976 Certification as an independent trade union
First degree course, Ulster Polytechnic
1977 The Department of Health memorandum HC(77)33 establishes professional autonomy for physiotherapists.
1978 The Privy Council agrees a change to the Society's bye-laws to allow physiotherapists to treat patients without prior medical referral.
1981 Fred Frazer is the first member to gain a PHD.
1985 The Society of Remedial Gymnastics and Recreational Therapy completes a merger with the CSP.
1986 In order to involve them in the development of the Society, student physiotherapists are admitted as members.
1992 Physiotherapy becomes an all graduate entry profession.
1993 Joins the Trades Union Congress (TUC).
1994 Assistants become associate members.
1995 Injection therapy comes within the scope of physiotherapy.
2001 Under the newly named Health Professionals' Council, the CSP work to attain legal protection for the titles "Physiotherapist" and "Physical Therapist".
2005 Prescription rights extended to physiotherapists.
2009 First doctorate in physiotherapy awarded.
In the Wellcome Library:
Records of the Research Board for the Correlation of Medical Science and Physical Education, 1942-1956 (SA/RBC), the British Medical Association (SA/BMA), and Allan Broman (1861-1947), pioneer of medical gymnastics (GC/6), are all relevant. The papers of Grantly Dick-Read (PP/GDR) the natural childbirth pioneer, include correspondence with the CSP and individual physiotherapists 1941-1959. MS.8057 is a notebook on anatomy by E J Whitfield, a trainee masseuse.
This organisation's website has been archived as part of the work of the UK Web Archiving Consortium (UKWAC) and can be consulted here: http://www.webarchive.org.uk/ukwa/target/108225.
Location of duplicates
The following is an interim description of material that has been acquired since this collection was catalogued. This description may change when cataloguing takes place in future:
7 boxes received January 2000 (acc. 823), consisting of: Journal Committee minutes, 1979-1996; Journal of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 1990, 1995-1998; Physiotherapy Frontline, 1997-1998; World Federation for Physical Therapy newsletters, 1991-1993; Annual Congress programmes, 1948-1995; brochures and leaflets; correspondence; Royal Charter and Bye-laws.
4 large cases, and 1 package of large exhibition posters received March 2001 (acc. 913), consisting of: posters depicting the Diamond Jubilee and centenary of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, plus a variety of images of physiotherapy through the years.
1 package received March 2001 (acc. 920), consisting of: 8 certificates of Winifred Jessie Yorke (nee Underhay), mainly Chartered Society of Massage and Medical Gymnastics, 2 badges. Also includes brief biographical notes, copies of photos and identification cards.
Large parcel received May 2001 (acc. 939), consisting of: Photographs of physiotherapists with patients.
1 box received August 2002 (acc. 1072), consisting of: Management committee papers.
1 file received April 2003 (acc. 1144), consisting of: Badge belonging to Brigitte Tuchmann (later Dowling) and photograph of her training set at Guy's, 1945.
1 box received March 2004 (acc. 1227), consisting of: Council and Management Group papers.
1 file received June 2004 (acc. 1252), consisting of: Minutes and reports to be inserted into committee minute books, 1905-1963; report on the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy Centenary oral history project, 1993; Centenary (1894-1994) News sheets and poster; Chartered Society of Physiotherapy leaflet c.late 1970s; poster warning against unqualified persons practicing as physiotherapists, c.1990s.
1 file received October 2004 (acc. 1294), consisting of: Annual Report 2001-2002, and Media Handbook.
1 box received October 2005 (acc. 1388), consisting of: Signed committee and Annual General Meeting minutes of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in the Community (a Clinical Interest Group of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy), 1980-1998, and miscellaneous papers generated by the central organisation of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 1970s-1990s.
1 file received November 2005 (acc. 1394), consisting of: A photograph of a Chartered Society of Massage banquet, 1934.
2 boxes received June 2006 (acc. 1436), consisting of: Signed Annual General Meeting and Executive Committee minutes of the Manipulation Association of Chartered Physiotherapists (a specialist sub-group of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy), 1968-2002.
1 box received March 2007 (acc. 1488), consisting of: Papers relating to the establishment of the Extended Scope Practitioners Clinical Interest Group (a specialist sub-group of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy), 1995-2001. Also includes minutes of executive committee meetings and Annual General Meetings, correspondence, reports, papers and newsletters, 1995-2002, Constitution updated September 1999, and minutes of 3rd Annual General Meeting 1999.
7 boxes received June 2007 (acc. 1517), consisting of: Audio cassettes of lectures on physiotherapy, 1966-1987; material on Standards of Practice, 1989-1999; miscellaneous publications of the Society, 1950-2002; Ethical and Regulatory Issues Committee, 1992-1999; Professional Practice Committee, 1997-2001; papers on Clinical Audit Development, 1995-1998; and papers of miscellaneous committees, 1971-2001.
19 boxes received July 2012 (acc. 1919), consisting of: Additional organisational papers of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, including papers of Council, committees, records of local branches, material relating to physiotherapy education and examinations and qualifications, publications, miscellaneous historical subject files, and material relating to schools of physiotherapy, 1930s-2007.
8 boxes received December 2012 (acc. 1957), consisting of: Additional organisational records of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy and some historical material, including examination files, and files relating to individual physiotherapists; Education Committee files, early-mid 1990s; Fellowship Advisory Board, 1990s; papers relating to Joan McClaren. (including transparencies and audio material); Physiotherapy Assistants Board, Helpers Board, Trent Board Minutes, 1990s to early 2000s; Professional Practice Committee, 2003-2006.
8 boxes received January 2014 (acc.2047), consisting of: Papers recording the history and activities of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Womens' Health, from 1949 up to 2008, including minutes, newsletters and journals, operational and administrative files, annual reports and accounts, material relating to conferences, material relating to ACPWHcourses and tutor system, leaflets, posters and photographs.
23 boxes received 7 May 2014 (acc.2077), consisting of bound minutes of Council, 1975-2019, Management Group, 1999-2011, Policy and Resources Committee, 1987-1997, Salaries and Industrial Relations Committee, 1975-1981, Planning and Resources Committee, 1985-1989, Finance and General Purposes Committee, 1976-1985, Pre-Registration Committee, 1982-1986, and the Education Committee, 1975-1982.