Vaughan, Dame Janet
- Vaughan, Dame Janet, 1899-1993
- Archives and manuscripts
About this work
Dame Janet had a distinguished career in medicine during the interwar years, developing a standard treatment by liver for pernicious anaemia, and was a pioneer of the wartime Blood Transfusion Service, following her experiences in this field during the Spanish Civil War. She was also part of the team providing experimental food supplements to Belsen shortly after its liberation. Both these aspects of her career are reflected in these files. In 1945 she was elected Principal of Somerville College and continued to have an active career both as a scientist, working on the biological effects of nuclear radiation, and as an administrator. She was a persistent campaigner for equal pay and status for women.
There is correspondence with George Minot in the Countway Library at Harvard University and some materials at Somerville College Oxford. Important aspects of her career are reflected in the archives of the Nuffield Foundation, of which she was a trustee for many years, and in the records of the Goodenough Committee (the Interdepartmental Committee for Medical Education) in the Ministry of Health records in the Public Record Office. She was also on a number of other Royal Commissions, government committees, and public bodies and their records would additionally reflect facts of her career.
Numerous obituaries appeared following her death in January 1993 in the general press as well as in more specialist journals. Janet Maria Vaughan: A Memorial Tribute produced by Somerville is held with the Biographical Pamphlets in the Wellcome Institute Library and there is a memoir in Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 41, 1995: this used material from an unpublished autobiographical memoir, 'Jogging Along', written for her children, which remains in family hands.