Papers relating to the International Athletic Foundation Workshop on Approved Methods of Femininity Verification, Monte Carlo, Monaco, 10-11 November 1990

15 Jun 1990-14 May 1991
UGC 188/8/8
Part of:
Papers of Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith, geneticist, Professor of Medical Genetics, University of Glasgow, Scotland
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About this work


Includes arrangements, including programme and abstracts, proposals and recommendations, and correspondence between Ferguson-Smith, Professor Arne Ljungqvist (who was the Workshop Chairman), Professor Myron Genel, Dr Elizabeth A Ferris, Dr Joe Leigh Simpson, Prof Albert de la Chapelle, and Dr Frank Newton on developments in the campaign to replace the current gender verification tests.


15 Jun 1990-14 May 1991

Physical description

62 pages

Biographical note

Ferguson-Smith presented his and Dr Elizabeth A Ferris's paper 'Gender verification in sport - the need for change?'. The Workshop recommended that femininity verification testing be abandoned and replaced by a general health check of all athletes, supplemented by random health tests. The recommendations were adopted by the IAAF Council in January 1991 and then put to the IOC Medical Committee. This committee adopted some but not all the recommendations, and their proposals were then put to the IOC Executive. The IOC then established a Working Group to consider the issue and report back for the 1992 Olympic Games. However, the IOC instead of following the IAAF adopted a new method of Y-chromosome determination by the PCR (polymerase chain reaction) method. This was felt by some to be a worse solution than continuing to use the buccal smear test. Arising from the meeting and the IOC response, the IAAF itself established a Working Group on Gender Verification, comprising some of those who had attended the workshop.

Terms of use

Open and available at Glasgow University Archive Services.

Location of duplicates

A digitised copy is held by the Wellcome Library as part of Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics.

Where to find it

Location of original

The original material is held at Glasgow University Archive Services. This catalogue is held by the Wellcome Library as part of Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics.

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