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Pulsatilla vulgaris Mill. Ranunculaceae. Pasque flower. Distribution: Europe. Lindley (1838) and Woodville (1790) knew this as Anemone pulsatilla, the common name being Pasque (Easter) Flower. At the end of the 18th century it was recommended for blindness, cataracts, syphilis, strokes and much more, treatments which, as was clear to physicians at the time, were valueless. Gerard (1633) writes: ‘They serve only for the adorning of gardens and garlands, being floures of great beauty’. It is in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, all members of which are poisonous. It was recommended, by mouth, for ‘obstinate case of taenia’ (tapeworms). One hopes it was more toxic to the worm than the patient. Flowers with a central disc and radiating florets were regarded as being good for eye complaints under the Doctrine of Signatures. Porta (1588) writes (translated): ‘Argemone [Papaver argemone], and anemone, have flowers of this shape, from this they cure ulcers and cloudiness of the cornea’. There were occupational diseases even before there were words like pneumoconiosis, and Lindley writes that ‘the powder of the root causes itching of the eyes, colic and vomiting, if in pulverising it the operator do not avoid the fine dust which is driven up.’ Photographed in the Medicinal Garden of the Royal College of Physicians, London.
- Dr Henry Oakeley
Modern domestic cookery, and useful receipt book : containing the most approved directions for purchasing, preserving and cooking meat, fish, poultry, game, &c. in all their varieties. Trussing and carving: preparing soups, gravies, sauces, made dishes, potting, pickling, &c. With all the branches of pastry and confectionary. A complete family physician. Instructions to servants for the best methods of performing their various duties. The art of making British wines, brewing, baking, &c.
- Hammond, Elizabeth.
The Prince Regent presenting to political ministers the expected baby of Princess Charlotte and Prince Leopold, who urinates in their faces; representing the burden of taxation required by the Royal family. Coloured etching by G. Cruikshank, 1816.
- Cruikshank, George, 1792-1878.
- 1 August 1816
The house surgeon and physician : designed to assist heads of families, travellers, and sea-faring people, in discerning, distinguishing, and curing diseases : with concise directions for the preparation and use of a numerous collection of the best American remedies : together with many of the most approved, from the shop of the apothecary : all in plain English
- Hand, William M.
The vaccine contest, or, Mild humanity, reason, religion, and truth, against fierce, unfeeling ferocity, overbearing insolence, mortified pride, false faith, and desperation : being an exact outline of the arguments and interesting facts, adduced by the principal combatants on both sides, respecting cow-pox inoculation; including a late official report on this subject by the Medical Council of the Royal Jennerian Society
- Blair, William, 1766-1822.