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King James II of England and King Louis XIV of France riding on an ass, leading a holy crusade. Etching by R. de Hooghe, 1689.

Hooghe, Romeyn de, 1645-1708.
  • Pictures

About this work


Louis XIV is called Harlequin and has a wooden leg, James II is called Pamirge (i.e. Panurge), and the ass is called Hippogryphe. A large biretta or Jesuit's cap fits over the head of James and Louis II: they both wear armour and carry papist pennants. Hanging from the saddle is a shield bearing the monogram IHS of the Society of Jesus

Left foreground, Father Petre, confessor of James II, rides a lobster; he is holding James Francis, the infant son of James II, later known as the Old Pretender, with a small windmill on top of his head. On the left, representatives of the Catholic states ride blindly on a snail and on owls. Left background, scenes in London: men pull down statues from the Savoy chapel and heads are placed on spikes on London Bridge Includes descriptive verse with key to numbered figures In the background, a ship, "Sinte Reynuyt", departs, and men pull down statues from church facades. Includes descriptive verse with key to numbered figures

Right foreground, William Egon von Fürstenberg, bishop of Strassburg, has fallen from the back of a tortoise into the Rhine, leaving his Cardinal's hat on the bank. Above him, Louis de France, le Grand Dauphin, peers out of an armoured vehicle carried on the back of a frog. Beyond him are people proceeding to the gallows in protest against Roman Catholic assassins in France and England Right background, a ship, "Sinte Reynuyt", departs


[The Netherlands] : [publisher not identified], [1689]

Physical description

1 print : etching, with letterpress ; platemark image 37 x 39 cm, image and lettering 52.2 x 38 cm


Arlequin sur l'hippogryphe a la croisade Lojoliste. Armée van de heylige lingue voor der jesuiten monarchy. Het gapen na de wint is uyt … daar baere monarchijs koppen opstaen.

Publications note

F. Muller, De nederlandsche geschiedenis in platen, part 1, Amsterdam: Frederik Muller, no. 2756
British Museum, catalogue of political and personal satires, no. 1205
British Museum, Catalogue of political and personal satires, no. 1205


Wellcome Library no. 2136643i

Lettering note

Below the etching, descriptive verses with key to numbered figures in Dutch


  • Dutch

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