American Psychiatry and Homosexuality.
- Drescher, Jack.
About this work
Interviews and first-hand accounts of an historic decision that affected the mental health professionâ€and American society and cultureThrough the personal accounts of those who were there, American Psychiatry and Homosexuality: An Oral History examines the 1973 decision by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) to remove homosexuality from its diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). This unique book includes candid one-on-one interviews with key mental health professionals who played a role in the APAâ€™s decision, those who helped organize gay, lesbian, and bisexual psychiatrists after the decision, and others who have made significant contributions in this area within the mental health field.American Psychiatry and Homosexuality presents an insiderâ€™s view of how homosexuality was removed from the DSM, the gradual organization of gay and lesbian psychiatrists within the APA, and the eventual formation of the APA-allied Association of Gay & Lesbian Psychiatrists (AGLP). The book profiles 17 individuals, both straight and gay, who made important contributions to organized psychiatry and the mental health needs of lesbian and gay patients, and illustrates the role that gay and lesbian psychiatrists would later play in the mental health field when they no longer had to hide their identities.Individuals profiled in American Psychiatry and Homosexuality include: Dr. John Fryer, who disguised his identity to speak before the APAâ€™s annual meeting in 1972 on the discrimination gay psychiatrists faced in their own profession Dr. Charles Silverstein, who saw the diagnosis of homosexuality as a means of social control Dr. Lawrence Hartmann, who helped reform the APA and later served as its President in 1991-92 Dr. Robert J. Campbell, who helped persuade the APAâ€™s Nomenclature Committee to hear scientific data presented by gay activists Dr. Judd Marmor, an early psychoanalytic critic of theories that pathologized homosexuality Dr. Robert Spitzer, who chaired the APAâ€™s Nomenclature Committee Dr. Frank Rundle, who helped organize the first meeting of what would become the APA Caucus of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Psychiatrists Dr. David Kessler, AGLP President from 1980-82 Dr. Nanette Gartrell, a pioneer of feminist issues within the APA Dr. Stuart Nichols, President of the AGLP in 1983-84 and a founding member of the Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists of New York (GLPNY) Dr. Emery Hetrick, a founding member of both AGLP and GLPNY Dr. Bertram Schaffner, who was instrumental in providing group psychotherapy for physicians with AIDS Dr. Martha Kirkpatrick, a long-time leader in psychiatry and psychoanalysis, both as a woman and an â€œoutâ€ lesbian Dr. Richard Isay, the first openly gay psychoanalyst in the American Psychoanalytic Association Dr. Richard Pillard, best known for studying the incidence of homosexuality in families of twins Dr. Edward Hanin, former Speaker of the APA Assembly Dr. Ralph Roughton, the first openly gay Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst to be recognized within the American and International Psychoanalytic AssociationsAmerican Psychiatry and Homosexuality presents the personal, behind-the-scenes accounts of a major historical event in psychiatry and medicine and of a decision that has affected society and culture ever since. This is an essential resource for mental health educators, supervisors, and professionals; historians; and LGBT readers in general.