A crucified écorché. Process print after a woodcut, 1541.
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The function of this plate, according to the accompanying text, is to display the anterior muscles, and the muscles of the arm in particular
Et in hac figura, rursus qui in praecedenti cernuntur musculi partes anterioris....
1 process print ; image 16.1 x 10.2 cm
K. B. Roberts and J. D. W. Tomlinson, The fabric of the body. European traditions of anatomical illustration, Oxford 1992, p. 73, fig. 3.7
L. R. Lind, tr. and ed., A short introduction to anatomy Ìsagogae breves' of Jacopo Berengario da Carpi, Chicago 1959
V. Putti, Berengario da Carpi: saggio biografico e bibliografico seguito della traduzione del Dè fractura calvae sive cranei', Bologna 1937
L. Choulant, History and bibliography of anatomic illustration, tr. and ed. M. Frank, Chicago 1920, revd ed. 1945, pp. 138; 148-149
Albrecht von Haller, Biblioteca anatomica, 2 vols, Zurich 1774-1777, i, p. 169
Wellcome Library no. 26921i
This plate derives from a woodcut illustration to Jacopo Berengario da Carpi's commentary on the anatomical writings of Mundinus (d. 1326). It was published in Bologna in 1521 with the title: Carpi commentaria cum amplissimis additionibus super anatomia Mundini. The crucifixion plate is one of five plates of the muscles grouped together near the end of the book and is found on the verso of folio 519. This version is in reverse of the original, the head is larger and a fig leaf has been added to cover the genitals of the figure. Berengario da Carpi published only one edition of the Commentaria. He followed it with a condensed version, the Isagogae breves, which appeared in Bologna in 1522 with several of the plates from the Commentaria but not the Crucifixion plate. Nor was it included in the several editions of the Isagogae breves that were to follow. Many of Berengario's plates, including the écorché crucifixion, were adapted by Dryander to illustrate his edition of Mundinus, published in Marburg in 1541. The crucifixion plate, found on fol. 65r, measures 14.6 x 9.3 cm. (image). The present copy is after an example in which the body has been hand coloured