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Correspondence regarding the petition by the "Heinonen Sixteen" on gender verification, March-April

8 Mar 1994-26 Apr 1994
UGC 188/8/25
Part of:
Papers of Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith, geneticist, Professor of Medical Genetics, University of Glasgow, Scotland
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In copyright

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Works in this archive created by Andrew Ferguson-Smith are available under a CC-BY-NC license. Please be aware that works in this archive created by other organisations and individuals are not covered under this license, and you should obtain any necessary permissions before copyright or adapting any such works.
Credit: Correspondence regarding the petition by the "Heinonen Sixteen" on gender verification, March-April.In copyright

About this work


Includes correspondence between Ferguson-Smith and Professor Arne Ljungqvist, Dr Anke A Ehrhardt, Dr Myron Genel, Alison S Carlson, and Dr Joe Leigh Simpson, about how to approach and respond to the petition.


8 Mar 1994-26 Apr 1994

Physical description

27 pages

Biographical note

In February 1994 sixteen of the world's top female Olympic athletes called for gender verification to be reinstated by the IAAF, and proposed new methods for so doing. Some felt the calls arose from suspicion attached to sudden improvements in performances of Chinese competitors.

Location of duplicates

A digitised copy is held by the Wellcome Library as part of Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics.

Terms of use

Open and available at Glasgow University Archive Services.

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