Tavistock Institute of Human Relations
- Tavistock Institute of Human Relations
- Archives and manuscripts
About this work
This collection contains both catalogued and uncatalogued materials. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information or to request access to uncatalogued records.
The archive provides a comprehensive record of the formation, establishment and development of the Institute over a period of 70 years from the records of the projects with the War Office Selection Board in the 1940s to those of significant projects into the 21st century. The work of key figures in the development of the socio-psychological approach to business management and the working environment is substantially represented as are signature projects in collaboration with major manufacturing companies in the 1950s and 1960s in the context of Britain's post-War economic revival. There is a wealth of information about social structure in the field work interviews for various projects, including several studies of aspects of the health service. Records of other projects and events organised by the Institute illustrate the range of its consultancy, research, evaluation and training initiatives throughout the later 20th and early 21st centuries.
Some abbreviations used within this catalogue:
AOC Advanced Organisational Consultation
BEA British European Airways
CALM Central Admin Leadership and Management
CASEL Cultural Aspects of Social Exclusion from Labour
CASR Centre for Applied Social Research
CCETSW Central Council for Education and Training in Social Work
CEGB Central Electricity Generating Board
COMPETE Competence Evaluation and Training for Europes
CRU Civil Resettlement Units
CSD Civil Service Dispersal
DHPC District HIV Programme Coordinators
DSIR Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
DWP Department for Work and Pensions
EDRU Evaluation Development and Review Unit
EHE Enterprise in Higher Education
EVS European Voluntary Service
HERO Health & Educational Support for the Rehabilitation of Offenders
HESC Human Element in Shipping Casualties
HFSC Human Factors in Shipping Casualties
HRC Human Resources Centre
ICE Inner City Explorations
IDF Institute Development Fund
IOR Institute of Operational Research
ISR International Synthetic Rubber Co.
LAWDP Learning at Work Development Project
NCB National Coal Board
NDC New Deal for Communities (NDC)
NET Nitrigin Eireann Teoranta
OCTI Organisational Change and Technological Innovation
OCTU Officer Cadet Training unit
OR1 Men interviewed by personnel selection officers at Primary Training Centres and considered potential officers.
PICT Programme on Information and Communication Technologies
R&C Research and Consultancy
RAMC The Regional Alcohol Misuse Coordinator Scheme
RCCI Residential Child Care Initiative
RTB Richard, Thomas & Baldwins
RTC Research and Training Centre
RYU Rural Youth Unemployment
SEAHORSE Support Empowerment and Awareness for HIV/Aids - the online research and self-help exchange
SHA Self Help Alliance
SI Strategic Initiatives
SIOR Scottish Institute of Operational Research
SRNPS Social Research and a Nat Policy for Science (SRNPS)
SSRC Social Science Research Council
STS Socio-Technical systems
SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats
TAP Telematics Applications Programme
TIERRAS Trans-European Research on Telematics Applications for Regional Development Strategies
TSP Training Support Programme
UCMDS Unilever Companies Management Development Scheme
UFER Unit for Family and Environmnetal Research
UKES UK Evaluation Society
WAM Working Association of Mothers
The collection is arranged into the following sections, reflecting the broad functions and activities of the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations:
A: Governance and Central Administration.
B: Research, Consultancy and Evaluation.
C: Personal Papers.
D: Education and Professional Development.
The Tavistock Institute was inaugurated in 1946, originally as the social and industrial division of the Tavistock Clinic, an out-patient psychological centre. The establishment of TIHR was assisted by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.
The Institute was established with the aim of integrating social science disciplines in research, teaching and consultancy. Its staff were drawn from a range of disciplines, including sociology, psychoanalysis, clinical psychology, social anthropology, economics, statistics and medicine. The Institute's early approaches to research included the employment of action research, and the development of socio-technical approaches, and evolved over the course of the Institute's history, including the adoption of systems and field theory combined with new perspectives in psychoanalysis and psychology, through to organisational development and evaluation work.
Much of the early work of Tavistock embodied an action research approach, through which Institute staff took a professional role in assisting with specific practical problems. In these early years, the Tavistock's income was derived from research grants, contract work for clients, largely in industry, but also in Government departments, non-profit and educational organisations, and fees for courses. TIHR divided its work into four main units: Programme Groups A and B within a Committee on Human Resources; Organisation and Social Change and Operations Research Unit; and a Committee on Family and Community Psychiatry. In 1947, Tavistock Publications was founded. A joint library was established with Tavistock Clinic to provide access to literature relating to matters relating to the social sciences and other subjects of interest to the Tavistocks.
In response to the growth of the Institute in the 1950s, two units were established: the Human Resources Centre (HRC) and the Centre for Applied Social Research (CASR). Some years later, in 1963, the Institute of Operational Research (IOR) was established in conjunction with the British Operational Research Society, and led by Neil Jessop, a mathematical statistician. IOR and HRC merged in 1979 to form the Centre for Organisational and Operational Research (COOR). The Institute's evaluation work evolved from the Self Help Alliance project, with a dedicated unit, the Evaluation Development Review Unit (EDRU) being established under the leadership of Elliot Stern in 1990.There are a number of accounts of its history, including the following:
H. V. Dicks, Fifty years of the Tavistock Clinic (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970)
Eric Trist and Hugh Murray, The Social Engagement of Social Science: A Tavistock Anthology, available online here
Article on the British Library's website, available here
Tavistock Institute website, available here
Wellcome Library also holds records of the Tavistock Institute of Medical Psychology (Ref: SA/TIM) and of the Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships (Ref: SA/TCC). Personal papers of Isabel Menzies Lyth are also held (Ref: PP/IML) as well as personal papers of John Bowlby (Ref: PP/BOW)..
Records relating to the Institute of Operational Research form part of the Operational Research and Operational Research Society Archive at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick (Ref: MSS.335/IOR).
The Tavistock Clinic archive is held by the London Metropolitan Archive and is currently in the process of being catalogued.