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A woman beleaguered by four enemies; representing Faith resisting Death, Schism, the World and the Devil. Engraving by Hieronymus Wierix after Maarten de Vos, 156-.

  • Vos, Maarten de, 1532-1603.
Date
[between 1560 and 1569?]
Reference
26754i
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view A woman beleaguered by four enemies; representing Faith resisting Death, Schism, the World and the Devil. Engraving by Hieronymus Wierix after Maarten de Vos, 156-.

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Credit: A woman beleaguered by four enemies; representing Faith resisting Death, Schism, the World and the Devil. Engraving by Hieronymus Wierix after Maarten de Vos, 156-. Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

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About this work

Description

Faith is seated in the centre. Around her are four enemies. On the left, Death aims an arrow at her, but Faith in response holds out her hand inscribed with the name of Jesus (Yeshua in Hebrew characters), because Jesus had cancelled out the sin of Adam and thereby conquered death. In the left foreground, Schism or Heresy, arguing from the text of a book, has the appearance of an angel but from behind can be seen to have a skull and the body of a snake attached to her belt: Faith's defense is a shield with a cross on it, as the shape of the cross is a union of separate parts. In the right foreground, a woman representing the World and worldly values offers wine from a cup, holds a chest of coins, exposes her breasts and has luxuries on the ground in front of her: Faith resists with the rewards of martyrdom which two angels confer on her; between them the name of God appears in Hebrew characters (Yahweh, in the form of the Tetragrammaton). On the right, Satan brandishes torches representing violence, murder and cruelty: Faith responds from her heart, where the Holy Ghost appears. Behind Faith, two trees: on the left an oak, on the right a palm, representing the Old and New Testaments

Publication/Creation

[Antwerp] (Aux quatre vents) : [Hieronymus Cock], [between 1560 and 1569?]

Physical description

1 print : line engraving ; image 28.8 x 34.1 cm

Lettering

Dura per immensum certamina quattor orbem / Cuncta salutifera turba redempta cruce / Sustinet, ipse Sathan ferro bacchatur, et atris/ Suppliciis, luctu, fulminis igne, nece. ... M.D. Vos invent.

Creator/production credits

Attribution to Wierix from a state of the print inscribed with his name (Schuckman loc. cit)

References note

C. Schuckman, Maarten de Vos (The new Hollstein Dutch and Flemish etchings, engravings and woodcuts 1450-1700), Rotterdam 1996, vol. XLIV, p. 2322, no. 1161 and vol. XLVI pl. 116/1

Lettering note

Lettering in Latin: "Dura per immensum certamina quattor orbem / Cuncta salutifera turba redempta cruce / Sustinet, ipse Sathan ferro bacchatur, et atris/ Suppliciis, luctu, fulminis igne, nece. / Ipse capax mundus, argenti pondus, et auri / Explicat, et regias monstrat opimus opes: / Quo mortale genus in nassam pertrahat, olim / Dulichii, ut socios callida Circe ducis.// Prętexunt verum perversis fraudibus atra / Scismata, et hereticę bellua dira Luis. / Multa deûm portenta vomit, Mors effera passim / Regnat, et e tenebris fert inopina caput: // Exornata manum verbo, frontemque corona, / Ante pedes scuto, numine plena Fides, / Despicit insidias Sathanę, Mundique capacis / Illecebras, Mortis, Scismata falsa, metum." Lettering repeated in Dutch.

Reference

Wellcome Library no. 26754i

Languages

  • Latin
  • Dutch
  • Hebrew


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