BetaThis search tool is in development. Find out more.
Digital Images

Transmission and risk factors: Occupational transmission

John & Penny Hubley


Free to use with attribution CC BYCredit: John & Penny Hubley
Can I use this?

About this work


Occupational transmission This image shows a kidney bowl containing used needles, syringes and empty bottles. These were used to immunize children at a maternal and child health clinic. The careful disposal of needles and syringes is essential to prevent accidental needlestick injuries and possible transmission of HIV infection. Sharps disposal boxes are a safe method of disposal and help to prevent occupational HIV transmission. The risk of acquiring HIV infection following a needlestick injury with a needle used on an HIV-infected person is about 0.5%. Management guidelines should be available at any centre where a needlestick injury might occur.


License information

License information

You can use this work for any purpose, including commercial uses, without restriction under copyright law. You should also provide attribution to the original work, source and licence.

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) terms and conditions


Transmission and risk factors: Occupational transmission. Credit: John & Penny Hubley. CC BY

We’re improving the information on this page. Find out more.