In 1941 Anna Freud set up the Hampstead War Nurseries to help children who had been made homeless by the bombing in Europe. She worked with the children applying her knowledge of child development towards their care. The Nurseries provided a unique opportunity for observational research into child development and study of the impact of the war on children. Anna Freud went on to establish The Hampstead Child Therapy Course and Clinic in 1947, which provided a four year full-time course in child psychoanalysis aimed to train 'child experts'. Lectures, seminars and personal analyses were at first provided by a group of psychoanalysts who were members of the British Psychoanalytical Society and lectures and seminars were given in the teachers’ homes. In Nov 1951 premises at 12 Maresfield Gardens, London, NW3, were purchased and the Hampstead Child Therapy Course and Clinic opened to patients in February 1952. In 1982 following Anna Freud's death the clinic was renamed the Anna Freud Centre. The Centre's last students graduated in July 2009.