The Bosnian War began in 1992. Marshal Tito, who’d led Yugoslavia from the end of World War I, had died in 1980, destabilising the relationships between the different ethnic groups. A referendum for Bosnia’s independence was held in 1992, which the majority of Bosnians supported; unfortunately, the Bosnian Serbs had a different future in mind for their country.
With the help of Serbia and the Yugoslav People’s Army, they began to ‘cleanse’ certain areas of non-Serbian inhabitants by use of violence. From 1992 to 1995 the Serbian army tortured, murdered and displaced over 2 million people, with the majority of the violence inflicted on the Bosniak Muslims. The Bosnian War, however, brought to the world’s attention an aspect of war that had rarely before been discussed – rape.