Estimating the prevalence of problem drug use in Europe : papers arising from a Scientific Seminar on Addiction Prevalence Estimation: Methods and Research Strategies, held in Strasbourg, France, 10-14 June 1996 / jointly organised by the Pompidou Group of the Council of Europe and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction ; planning group, Richard Hartnoll [and others] ; editorial group, Gerry V. Stimson [and others].
- European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.
Precursors and chemicals frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances : report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2008 on the implementation of Article 12 of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988.
- International Narcotics Control Board.
Physiopathology of illicit drugs : cannabis, cocaine, opiates proceedings of the first international symposium, organized at the National Academy of Medicine, with the assistance of the City of Paris, Paris, 31 May 1990 = Physiopathologie des stupéfiants actes du premier colloque international, organisé à l'Académie nationale de médecine, avec le concours de la Ville de Paris, Paris, 31 mai 1990 / editors, Gabriel G. Nahas and Colette Latour ; assistant editors, Noah Hardy and Philippe Dingeon ; translation by Christiane Nahas.
- International Colloquium on the Physiopathology of Cannabis, Cocaine, and Opiates 1990 : Académie nationale de médecine, France)
Illicium anisatum L. Illiciaceae Japanese Star Anise. Distribution Japan. This was also called Illicium religiosum and the fruits are toxic. Effects of taking Illicium anisatum tea include epilepsy, vomiting, shakiness and rapid eye movements (US Food and Drug Administration report, 2003). Lindley (1838) and Bentley (1861) thought that I. anisatum was used in cooking, but they were describing the uses of I. verum which is used as a spice in Asia. Illicium anisatum syn. religiosum is 'used to make incense in Japanese and Chinese temples and was called Skimi by Kaempfer. This derives from the Japanese word 'shi-kimi'. The seed pods of both species contain shikimic acid (the name being derived from the Japanese) from which Tamiflu, the antiviral drug was synthesised. Photographed in the Medicinal Garden of the Royal College of Physicians, London.
- Dr Henry Oakeley
- Digital Images