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Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Lamiaceae. Baikal skullcap. Distribution: China. There are several hundred species of Scutellaria, also known as skull caps, so correct identification is important - in particular from Scutellaria lateriflora an American species known as Blue skullcap. The latter is used as an abortifacient and to expel placenta by the Cherokee and for cleaning the throat by the Iroquois (Austin, 2004). Much vaunted as a treatment for rabies with unlikely statistics (1,400 cases cured by one doctor alone). Also as ‘antispasmodic, nervine, [for] chorea, convulsions, tetanus, tremors, delirium tremens, [and as a] diaphoretic and diuretic'. Toxicity symptoms include mental confusion, stupor, headache, vertigo, photophobia, dilated pupils, difficulty in micturition, bradycardia, tremulousness and languor, followed by wakefulness and restlessness (Milspaugh, 1974). Hutchens (1991) reported that it reduces sexual desire and was used for almost every nervous illness. Scutellaria baicalensis contains baicalin, baicalein and wogonin (European Medicines Agency, September 2010). It is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for treating inflammation, cancer, bacterial and viral infections of the lungs and gut and is one of the '50 Chinese herbs' in the lists of some authors. Scutellaria lateriflora (combined with Verbena officinalis, Passiflora incarnata and the seed of Avena sativa (oats) is licensed for use in Britain as a herbal medicine for temporary relief of mild symptoms of stress such as mild anxiety and to aid sleep, based upon traditional use only. Scutellaria baicalensis is not licensed for use in the UK (UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA)). Photographed in the Medicinal Garden of the Royal College of Physicians, London.
- Dr Henry Oakeley
The blue and white silhouette of a woman between two men representing a safe sex and AIDS prevention advertisement for those with multiple partners; by the NGO AIDS Cell Centre for Community Medicine in New Delhi (blue version). Colour lithograph by Prabin, ca. January 1993.
- All-India Institute of Medical Sciences.
- [January 1993]
The words 'Bon voyage' [good journey] incorporating a pink condom against a blue sky with white clouds; an advertisement for safe sex and the trademark 'OK' quality seal awarded to brand condoms; French version of a series of 'Stop SIDA' [Stop AIDS] campaign posters by the Federal Office of Public Health, in collaboration with the l'Aide Suisse contre le SIDA. Colour lithograph.
- [between 1990 and 1999]
A large pink condom with a message in white lettering against a blue background suggesting condoms are 'life-insurance for every budget'; one of a series of safe sex posters from a 'Stop AIDS' poster campaign by the Federal Office of Public Health, in collaboration with the Aiuto AIDS Svizzero. Colour lithograph.
- [between 1990 and 1999]
Two personified male and female symbols, the male wearing a condom with a rope bearing the label 'de sexo seguro'; a safe-sex and AIDS prevention advertisement by Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas and Centro Nacional de Educacion para la salud Ministerio de Salud Publica, Cuba. Colour lithograph, ca. 1996.
Trichuris muris is a parasitic nematode affecting mice. Following ingestion, T. muris eggs hatch in the large intestine where they develop into adults. The anterior end of the worm burrows into the lining of the gut, leaving the posterior end protruding into the lumen of the gut. The worms mate in this orientation, and the resulting eggs are released in to the gut lumen and shed faecally.
- David Goulding, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute