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Beschreibung der Reysz ... so er vor dieser Zeit gegen Auffgang in die Morgenländer, fürnemlich Syriam, Judeam, Arabiam, Mesopotamiam, Babyloniam, Assyriam, Armeniam, etc. ... selbst vollbracht: neben Vermeldung ... seltzamer und denckwirdiger Sachen, die aller er auff solcher erkündiget, gesehen und observiert hat. Alles in drey underschiedliche Theyl ... abgetheylet
- Rauwolf, Leonhard, approximately 1540-1596.
Cynara cardunculus L. Asteraceae. Cardoon, Globe Artichoke, Artechokes, Scolymos cinara, Cynara, Cinara. Distribution: Southern Europe and North Africa. Lyte (1576) writes that Dodoens (1552) could find no medical use for them and Galen (c.200 AD) said they were indigestible unless cooked. However he relates that other authors recommend that if the flower heads are soaked in strong wine, they 'provoke urine and stir up lust in the body.' More prosaically, the roots boiled in wine and drunk it cause the urine to be 'stinking' and so cures smelly armpits. He adds that it strengthens the stomach so causing women to conceive Male children. He goes on to say that the young shoots boiled in broth also stir up lust in men and women, and more besides. Lyte (1576) was translating, I think with elaborations, from the chapter on Scolymos cinara, Artichaut, in Dodoen's Croydeboeck (1552) as L'Ecluse's French translation (1575) does not mention these latter uses, but Dodoen's own Latin translation, the Pemptades(1583), and Gerard's (1633) both do so. It is useful in understanding the history of these translations to realise that Gerard uses, almost verbatim, the translation of the 'smelly armpit' paragraph from Lyte. Photographed in the Medicinal Garden of the Royal College of Physicians, London.
- Dr Henry Oakeley
A survey of the microcosme, or the anatomy of the bodies of man and woman : wherein the skin, veins, nerves, muscles, bones, sinews, and ligaments thereof are accurately delineated, and so disposed by pasting, as that each part of the said bodies, both inward and outward, are exactly represented. Useful for all doctors, chyrurgeons, statuaries, painters, &c.
- Remmelin, Johann, 1583-1632.
- MDC XCI.