The Catholic powers gather around the infant James Francis Edward Stuart. Etching by R. de Hooghe, 1688, with letterpress.
- Hooghe, Romeyn de, 1645-1708.
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A crowd of people within a loggia formed by an arcade of Corinthian columns. They are crowded around the infant James Francis Edward Stuart, later known as the Old Pretender, who lies in bed, left. On his blanket is a windmill, apparently alluding to a rumour that his real father was a miller. At the foot of the bed sit two women described as the "first mother" (left, talking to Father Petre SJ, far left) and the "second mother" (right). Of the two, the first more resembles portraits of Mary of Modena. However, "scurrilous diatribes accusing Petre of involvement in a plot to switch babies in order to produce a male heir for the king" (ODNB) suggest that the woman he is talking to may be the "real" mother (the interpretation of Muller, loc. cit.) and that the other woman, of regal appearance, is Mary
Behind the second mother are: King James II, being addressed by a midwife (left); then, left to right, "the Jewess of Portugal" (presumably meaning Catherine of Braganza, then still living in England); King Louis XIV as Harlequin; a cardinal (Wilhelm Egon von Fürstenberg?); the Grand Dauphin, Louis of France. Right, in the shadows, the "seller of red hats" or "the old rogue", holding the keys of Saint Peter: presumably Pope Innocent XI
In the background, left, Quakers turning their backs on the prince, set off for Pennsylvania: William Penn had visited the Hague in 1686 on a mission from James II to sound out William and Mary on freedom of religion for Catholics and dissenters, but had been rebuffed. Further to right, musicians, some "Irish witnesses"; a doctor of the Sorbonne arguing against the Reformers, and the "king(s) of the birds"
In the distance, a fleet at sea before a fort: perhaps the fortress of Plymouth, to which the infant James Francis Edward was sent from London after his birth in St James's Palace
- Christianity and international relations.
- Great Britain.
- Louis XIV, King of France, 1638-1715.
- James II, King of England, 1633-1701.
- James, Prince of Wales, 1688-1766.
- Petre, Edward, 1631-1699.
- Louis, Dauphin of France, 1661-1711.
- Fürstenberg, Wilhelm Egon, Fürst von, 1629-1704.
- Innocent XI, Pope, 1611-1689.