[Wellcome MS Persian 474].

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[Wellcome MS Persian 474]. Public Domain Mark. Source: Wellcome Collection.

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About this work

Also known as

Kitab-i viladat-i Iskandar.
Book of birth of Iskandar.
Iskandar Horoscope.


Called Kitab-i viladat-i Iskandar - 'The book of birth of Iskandar' or 'Iskandar horoscope' - this manuscript contains the horosocope of a Timurid prince, Iskandar Sultan. Personal horoscopes were quite common in the medieval Middle East, but this one is one of the finest examples of its kind. Written in 1411 by the court astrologer of Iskandar Sultan.



Physical description

86 fol. ; 265 x 170 mm

References note

For full details see 'A descriptive and analytical catalogue of Persian manuscripts in the Library of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine' / by Fateme Keshavarz. London, 1986


29 lines; Naskh script (calligraphic hand) ; subtitles, quotations and numbers in red, blue and gold; medium thick Oriental paper; possibility of one missing folio after f.4; three illuminated head-pieces; minute drawings of birds, animals and plants in the margins; end-paper; European leather binding; dated A.H. 813 / A.D. 1411].
Numerous other images exist of pages from this manuscript in Wellcome Images under the search 'Iskandar'

Exhibitions note

Exhibited in "Epic Iran" at the V&A, 29th May - 12th September 2021

Language note

Naskh script.



Where to find it

  • LocationStatusAccess
    Closed stores
    MS Persian 474 (SR)
    By appointmentManual request


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