A man with a wooden leg carrying arms and legs in a basket; representing the relation between the whole and its parts in Aristotelian logic. Engraving by L. Gaultier, ca. 1613.
- Gaultier, Léonard, 1561-1641
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One of the mnemonic visualizations of Aristotelian philosophy published for students in the 17th century: in this one, "L'accident (terme corrélatif de substance) est figuré par un estropié portant dans une besace des debris de bras et de jambes, avec cette légende significative: partes physicae et integrantes reductive ad praedicamenta referuntur." (De Wulf, op. cit., p. 64). The reference may be to Aristotle's Topica, book V, in which there is discussion of the question of whether man can be described as a biped even if individual men do not have two feet. The prints were published "ad mentis illustrationem, tum ad morum informationem, tum ad oculorum recreationem" (for the enlightenment of the mind, for the education of character, and and for the recreation of the eyes) (Kaiser, op. cit. p. 118)
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