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The trunks of the vena cava, with their branches(Table VI, fig. 1); the trunks of the vena porta (Table VI, fig. 2), both after an engraving by M. Vandergucht after W. Cowper, 1702, after a preparation by G. Leoni, c. 1645; the brain, nerves and spine, after Eustachius, by 1552 (Table VII) Etching by I. Basire, 1743.

Cowper, William, 1666-1709.
Date
[1743]

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view The trunks of the vena cava, with their branches(Table VI, fig. 1); the trunks of the vena porta (Table VI, fig. 2), both after an engraving by M. Vandergucht after W. Cowper, 1702, after a preparation by G. Leoni, c. 1645; the brain, nerves and spine, after Eustachius, by 1552 (Table VII) Etching by I. Basire, 1743.

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Credit: The trunks of the vena cava, with their branches(Table VI, fig. 1); the trunks of the vena porta (Table VI, fig. 2), both after an engraving by M. Vandergucht after W. Cowper, 1702, after a preparation by G. Leoni, c. 1645; the brain, nerves and spine, after Eustachius, by 1552 (Table VII) Etching by I. Basire, 1743. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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About this work

Description

The two figures on the left (Table VI, figs 1-2) are after a print depicting the preparation of the venous system, extracted from the human body and dried and laid out on a table by the surgeon Giovanni Leoni, Johannes Vesling's assistant in Padua (see Aspin 1995, pl. 1a) Four tables of the veins, arteries and nerves were purchased by John Evelyn during his stay in Padua, 1645-1646, where he attended Vesling's lectures on anatomy. The tables were sent to England and presented to the Royal Society by Evelyn in 1667. Today they are in the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, London

Publication/Creation

[London] : [T. Osborne and J. Roberts], [1743]

Physical description

1 print : etching ; 30.2 x 39.5 cm

Lettering

I. Basire sculp.

Publications note

Richard K. Aspin, "John Evelyn's tables of veins and arteries: a rediscovered letter," Medical History, 39, no. 4, October 1995, pp. 493-499
K.B. Roberts and J.D.W. Tomlinson, The fabric of the body. European traditions of anatomical illustration, Oxford 1992, pp. 194-195, pl. 46
Ludwig Choulant, History and bibliography of anatomic illustration, tr. and ed. Mortimer Frank, Chicago 1920, revd ed. New York 1945, pp. 200-204

Reference

Wellcome Library no. 37152i

Reproduction note

Figures 1-2 are after Cowper's figure 6 and 8
Table VII, on the right, is after one of the plates made for the Italian anatomist, Bartholomaeus Eustachius, by 1552 but which were only published in their entirety in 1714 by G.M. Lancisi in Rome under the title, Tabulae anatomicae clarissimi viri Bartholomaei Eustachii quas è tenebris tandem vindicatas. This figure of the brain, nerves and spinal column appears as the central image with four other sections of the brain as plate XVIII in Lancisi's edition (see Roberts and Tomlinson 1992, pp. 194-195, pl. 46)
The Evelyn venous and arterial tables were engraved by Michael Vandergucht after drawings by the anatomist William Cowper and used to illustrate Cowper's article in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, no. 280, July and August 1702, pp. 1177-1201, entitled: "An account of divers schemes of arteries and veins, dissected from adult human bodies, and given to the repository of the Royal Society by John Evelyn, Esq; F.R.S. To which are subjoyn'd a description of the extremities of those vessels, and the manner the blood is seen, by the microscope, to pass from the arteries to the veins in quadrupeds when living: with some chyryrgical observations and figures after the life, by William Cowper, F.R.S." On p. 1179 Cowper comments that, "These figures are closely drawn after the original schemes, and I am apt to flatter my self they will be acceptable to the inquisitive."

Type/Technique

Language

  • English



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