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The builder's companion, and workman's general assistant; demonstrating, After the most easy and practical Method, all the principal rules of architecture, from the plan to the ornamental finish; Illustrated with a greater Number of useful and familiar Examples than any Work of that Kind hitherto published; With Clear and ample Instructions annexed to each Subject or Number, on the same Plate, with Estimates of Materials and Workmanship; Being not only useful to all Masons, Bricklayers, Plasterers, Carpenters, Joiners, and others concerned in the several Branches of Building, &c. but also necessary for Gentlemen, who will be hereby enabled to know the exact Expence of any Building, Alteration, or Repair. The whole correctly engraved on 92 folio copper-plates, containing upwards of seven hundred designs on the following Subjects, &c. 1. Of Foundations, Walls, and their Diminutions, Fitness of Chimneys, and Proportion of Light to Rooms, with the due Scantlings of Timber to be cut for Buildings, &c. II. Great Variety of Geometrical, Elliptic, and Polygon Figures, with Rules for their Formation, centering of all Sorts for Groins, Brick and Stone Arches, &c. both circular and splayed, also with circular Soflits in a circular Wall; many Examples for Gluing and Vancering Niches, &c. with Rules for tracing the Cover of Curve-Line Roofs, Piers, Vases, Pedestals for Sun-Dials, Busts, &c. and their must suitable Proportions. III. General Directions for framing Floors and Partitions Truss-Roofs, &c. and Methods to find the Length and Backing of Hips, straight or curve Lines to any Pitch, Square, or Bevel. IV. Of Stair-Cases, variously constructed; the Methods of working Ramp and Twist Rails; Profits of Stairs to shew the Manner of setting Carriages for the Steps; also the Framing of String-Boards and Rails, and likewise of fixing them. V. The Five Orders of Architecture from Palladio, with the Rule for gauging Flutes and Fillets on a diminished Column, by a Method extremely easy, and entirely new. VI. Doors, Windows, Frontispieces, Chimney-Pieces, Cornices, Mouldings, &c. truly proportioned, in a plain and genteel Taste. Vii. Sacred Ornaments, viz. Altar-Pieces, Pulpits, &c. Viii. Gothic Architecture, being a various Collection of Columns, Entablatures, Arches, Doors, Windows, Chimney-Pieces, and other Decorations in that prevailing Taste-And it may be noted of these, as of all the foregoing Examples, that they are immediately adapted to Workmen, and may be executed by the meanest Capacity. IX. Plans and Elevations of elegant Buildings Green-Houses, Hot-Houses, Temples, Seats for Gardens, Parks, &c. By William Pain, Architect and Joiner.

  • Pain, William, 1730?-1790?.
MDCCLXIX. [1769]
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About this work


London : printed for Robert Sayer, Map and Printseller, at the Golden Book, near Serjeant's Inn, Fleet-Street, MDCCLXIX. [1769]

Physical description

[4],4,*10p.,plates ; 2⁰.


The third edition, with many improvements and additions by the author.

References note

ESTC T132462

Reproduction note

Electronic reproduction. Farmington Hills, Mich. : Thomson Gale, 2003. (Eighteenth century collections online). Available via the World Wide Web. Access limited by licensing agreements.



  • English

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