BetaThis search tool is in development. Find out more.

The conjoined twins of Kano.

Speed, Frank.

Available online



Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)
You can use this work for any purpose, as long as it is not primarily intended for or directed to commercial advantage or monetary compensation. You should also provide attribution to the original work, source and licence.
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) terms and conditions

About this work


This excellent film shows in detail how surgeons approached a case of conjoined twins in the 1950s. There is an explanation of how the twins are joined physically with clinical observations. These observations are further investigated via x-rays. One of the babies were given a barium meal in order to establish whether there was any transferral. Gall bladders were also believed to be separate. Other organs were considered to be normal. The twins are anaesthetised; towels were wrapped around the babies (learnt from a film from Canada). Surgical separation (with commentary) is performed. Both babies were transferred to a single oxygenair then later transferred to one each. An hour after surgery one twin (Tomutanye) suddenly died. A post mortem was inconclusive although the adrenal gland was rather small in the deceased twin (shown diagrammatically). Mother and surviving baby are shown to be well; the cost of their trip from Nigeria to London and back was covered by the United Africa Company and an anonymous donor paid the cost of care at the Hammersmith Hospital, London.



Physical description

1 encoded moving image (35:59 mins.) : sound, colour



Copyright note



This film won a certificate of merit at the BMA Film Competition 1957 in the Commercial Category.
There are clicks and pops on the audio sound track.

Creator/production credits

Postgraduate Medical School, UCL. The medical diagrams were created by Frank Speed (uncredited).


  • English

Permanent link

We’re improving the information on this page. Find out more.