Find thousands of books, manuscripts, visual materials and unpublished archives from our collections, many of them with free online access.

Professor Sir Alexander Ogston's MD gown, Edinburgh, Scotlan

  • Science Museum, London
  • Digital Images
  • Online

Available online

view Professor Sir Alexander Ogston's MD gown, Edinburgh, Scotlan


Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
You can use this work for any purpose, including commercial uses, without restriction under copyright law. You should also provide attribution to the original work, source and licence.
Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) terms and conditions
Credit: Professor Sir Alexander Ogston's MD gown, Edinburgh, Scotlan. Science Museum, London. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Selected images from this work

About this work


This academic dress was worn by Professor Sir Alexander Ogston (1844-1929) upon his graduation for the degree of medicine (MD). Ogston was a pioneering Scottish surgeon and bacteriologist. He was in charge of Aberdeen’s smallpox isolation hospital. He is best known for his discovery of Staphylococcus aureus, the bacterium that causes carbuncles, boils, abscesses and most post-surgery wound infections. Formal qualifications in medicine became popular during the 1800s. Previously, many ‘doctors’ had had little or no formal training. An MD is such a qualification gained through an accredited university and is the degree given to a student of medicine. This wool gown was made by James Middlemass and Company for Aberdeen University about 1866. Upon graduation from medical school in the late 1800s, newly qualified doctors took the Hippocratic Oath. The oath was a guideline for the medical profession. It is not compulsory now, although many doctors still uphold this ancient tradition. maker: James Middlemass and Co. Place made: Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

Permanent link