Find thousands of books, manuscripts, visual materials and unpublished archives from our collections, many of them with free online access.

A fearful woman (Britannia) is encouraged by three British politicians to resist the invading fleet of France. Coloured etching by J. Gillray after J. Sneyd, 1803.

  • Sneyd, John
14 March 1803
  • Pictures

Selected images from this work

About this work


The fainting Britannia is fortified by "doctors and ministers" represented by Charles Jenkinson (Baron Hawkesbury, subsequently Earl of Liverpool) and Henry Addington (subsequently Viscount Sidmouth): Jenkinson wears a fur-lined robe, while Addington, as a doctor in the robes of the Royal College of Physicians, holds smelling salts ("Gunpowder") to her nose. Sheridan, as a quack doctor's assistant ("Sherry Andrew", play on "Merry Andrew"), holds a club and a shield in the form of the head of the Medusa against Napoleon and a French invasion force crossing the English Channel. Fox is shown behind them. The characters speak as if playing roles in a Shakespearian tragedy


[London] (27 St. James's Street) : H. Humphrey, 14 March 1803.

Physical description

1 print : etching, with watercolour ; platemark 26.1 x 36.3 cm


Physical aid, - or - Britannia recover'd from a trance; - also, the patriotic courage of Sherry Andrew, & a peep thro' the fog.

References note

British Museum, Catalogue of political and personal satires, vol. VIII, London 1947, no. 9972

Lettering note

Britannia says "Doctors & Ministers of dis grace defend me!", with "dis" scored through , a parody of Hamlet, Act I, scene 4, "Angels and ministers of grace defend us!"


Wellcome Library no. 12191i



  • English

Where to find it

  • LocationStatusAccess
    Closed stores

Permanent link