Gerda Gottlieb Wegener married Lili Elbe in 1904. In 1929-1930 Lili Elbe underwent several, previously untried, gender reassignment surgical procedures in Berlin and Dresden. In a Danish cause célèbre, the marriage of Lili Elbe and Gerda Wegener was annulled because under Danish and other law it was impossible for two women to be married to each other. Elbe died in Dresden in September 1931 where she is also buried. She was the subject of the book published in German in 1931 and then translated into Danish as 'Fra mand til kvinde', and thence into English as 'Man into woman' (London 1933). A "work of fiction loosely inspired by the case of Einar Wegener and his wife" was published in 1999 (David Ebershoff, The Danish girl, quotation from Author's note in the book).