Eugenia caryophyllus (Cloves)

We’re improving the information on this page. Find out more.



Close-up of dried brown clove heads. A native of the Moluccas, or Spice Islands of Indonesia. Prized as a flavour in food, as a preservative, as a mild anaesthetic (particularly in cases of toothache), as an ingredient in perfume, even to mask stinking breath. In pursuit of Moluccan cloves and nutmegs, the Portuguese made local treaties as early as 1512. Clove oil is rich in eugenol.

    Licence information

    You can use this work for any purpose, as long as it is not primarily intended for or directed to commercial advantage or monetary compensation. You should also provide attribution to the original work, source and licence.

    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) terms and conditions


      'Eugenia caryophyllus (Cloves)' by Rowan McOnegal. Credit: Rowan McOnegal. CC BY-NC


        Download full size
        Download small (760px)

        Credit: Rowan McOnegal

        Free to use with attribution for non-commercial purposes

        CC BY-NC


        back to top