Find thousands of books, manuscripts, visual materials and unpublished archives from our collections, many of them with free online access.

Reference heart sounds. Part one.

  • Graves Medical Audiovisual Library
  • Audio
  • Online

Available online


Public Domain Mark
You can use this work for any purpose without restriction under copyright law.
Public Domain Mark (PDM) terms and conditions
Credit: Reference heart sounds. Part one. Public Domain Mark

About this work


A series of recordings of heart sounds including: congenital heart block in an child showing the characteristic third heart sound; aortic stenosis; pulmonary hypertension; atrial septal defect; pericardial rub following on from a coronary thrombosis and atrial fibrillation. The presenter discusses different kinds of microphone that can be used to hear heart sounds clearly.


UK, 1961.
Graves Medical Audiovisual Library.

Physical description

1 audio tape reel (11.41 min.) ; 1/4 in.


The Graves Medical Audiovisual Library (formerly the Medical Recording Service Foundation) was set up in 1957 by husband and wife team Valerie and John Graves. Both were as General Practitioners closely involved in the College of General Practitioners. They realised how difficult it was for busy working GPs to have refresher courses in new research fields of general medicine so they came up with the ingenious idea of recording lectures by people at the top of their field, which the regular working GP could listen to from the comfort of their own home usually recorded onto audio cassette and sometimes with 34mm slide projections. Small groups of GPs would gather together to listen to the recordings. Valerie Graves describes the service as 'terribly amateur’ as she did all of the graphic work herself using Letterset and she was responsible for the entire administration of the service. However, the service was cheap and popular - for members of the CGP, it was free as Smith, Kline & French Ltd. provided a grant to cover it. Non-members such as nurses and doctors were charged only a small subscription fee. By 1980, when John Graves died, there was a catalogue of over 1000 titles. The service continued until 1993 when the remaining recordings were passed onto Concord Video service from whom Wellcome Library acquired them.

Creator/production credits

Produced by Graves Medical Audiovisual Library.

Copyright note

Graves Medical Audiovisual Library, 1961: Wellcome Trust, 2015.


  • English

Where to find it

  • LocationStatusAccess
    Closed stores
    By appointmentManual request

Permanent link