Above, the burning at the stake of Person, Testwood and Filmer outside Windsor Castle; below, the trial of Marbeck, Testwood, Person and Filmer, the punishment of London, Simons and Robert Ockham in the pillory. Woodcut by A.S.
- S., A.
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Credit: Above, the burning at the stake of Person, Testwood and Filmer outside Windsor Castle; below, the trial of Marbeck, Testwood, Person and Filmer, the punishment of London, Simons and Robert Ockham in the pillory. Woodcut by A.S. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
About this work
John Marbeck (d. 1585?), a musician and theologian, adopted Calvin's religious views and as a result was sent in custody to London and lodged in the Marshalsea. In 1544 he was sent to Windsor and to be tried and condemned to suffer at the stake but a royal pardon was obtained and Marbeck was freed as a result. Marbeck supplied an account of his persecution to John Foxe who described the proceedings at length in his "Acts and Monuments", but by mistake in the first edition of 1563 Foxe omitted mention of Marbeck's pardon, and described him as dying in the company of Peson (Pearson) and Testwood. Foxe made the correction of "Filmer" for "Marbeck" in a concluding list of "Faultes and oversights escaped". The error, although it was removed in the second and later editions, long excited the ridicule of Foxe's enemies, and helped to diminish his reputation for historical accuracy John Marbeck went on to publish in 1550 the book for which he is best known, "The boke of common praier noted"
The description of Windsor Castle. The condemning of Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood and Filmer, under the castle of Windsor, here lively described. Marbecke saved by the King's pardon. Anthony Person, Marbecke, Testwood and filmer condemned by Doctor Capon Bishop of Sarum: Fachel giving judgement . D. London and Simons riding about the marketplace with papers on their heads, for perjary, and secret practising against certaine of the privy Chamber. Robert Ockham dtanding on the pillory in the towne of Newberry, where he was borne, for the like offence. Pag 556. A.S.
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1 print : woodcut ; image 26 x 35.5 cm
Wellcome Library no. 43475i