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Mid C20 Chinese medical illustration in trad. style: Smallpox


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Credit: Mid C20 Chinese medical illustration in trad. style: Smallpox. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)


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Youke san zhong (Three Books of Paediatrics) is a mid 20th century composite edition of three classics of paediatrics: Zengbu douzhen yusui jinjing lu (The Gold And Chalcedony Mirror of Pox Diseases, Expanded Edition) by Weng Zhongren (Ming period, 1368-1644), Youke tiejing (Iron Mirror of Paediatrics) by Xia Ding (Qing period, 1644-1911), and Xiao'er tuina guangyi (Overview of Paediatric tuina Massage) by Xiong Yingxiong (Qing period). A small number of illustrations are included in a supplement.

This illustration of 'Nape Locking' pox, in traditional ink and brush style, comes from The Gold And Chalcedony Mirror of Pox Diseases.

The text states: 'Nape Locking' (suoxiang) refers to a pox (dou) where the rash is clustered on the front and back of the neck. The neck is the conduit of food and drink, and the entry and exit portal of the breath. In case of a pox rash that completely encircles the neck, if emergency treatment is not carried out, loss of voice and choking may ensue, and the patient cannot generally be saved. In the initial stages of the disease, it can be treated with metal-clearing and poison-combating draughts, and pig's tail grease.

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Heading: 'Nape Locking' (suoxiang)

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