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Electrotherapeutic machine, Paris, France, 1890-1910

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Credit: Electrotherapeutic machine, Paris, France, 1890-1910. Science Museum, London. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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This rather grusome looking device is known as an electrotherapeutic cage. Electrotherapy was used for a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. The patient would stand inside the octagonal cage, which was wrapped in current-carrying wire. The wire produced an electrical field, which would create strong currents within the patient's body without causing discomfort. The machine is known as a d'Arsonval cage after its developer Arsène d'Arsonval (1851-1940), a biophysicist. This examaple was manufactured by Richard Heller, Paris. maker: Richard Heller and Company Place made: Paris, Ville de Paris, Île-de-France, France

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