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Epidemic encephalitis.

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About this work


This film is a case study of one male patient. It shows the rigid, bent attitude and loss of automatic movements, and illustrates turning about, sitting and getting up and the loss of supporting movements; the head, face and tongue and rigidity and catalepsy bradykinetic movements.


Germany, 1930.

Physical description

1 encoded moving image : silent, black and white




Segment 1 The rigidity of the body is detailed, and loss of automatic movements. The patient stands naked with an open mouth while the doctor tries to position his limbs and push him to make him walk. The patient is made to turn 90 degrees in both direction, moving slowly, though the intertitles say that when a military command is used, the patient moves quicker. The patient is shown sitting down and standing up from a chair. The movements of the head, the face and the tongue are shown. The patient's catalepsy and bradykinetic movements are shown. The patient lies on a bed and the doctor positions his head, arms and legs. When the doctor holds the patient's legs up in the air, the patient does not put them back down. The patient is also seen moving his legs up and down of his own accord. The doctor also demonstrates the rigidity of the patient's feet. Time start: 00:00:00:00 Time end: 00:06:26:16 Length: 00:06:26:16
Segment 2 The intertitles explain that the patient's voluntary movments of the left arm are slow, and more pronounced distally. The rigidity is more marked distally, especially in the pronator and flexor groups. The doctor is shown moving the arm in different directions. The movements of the right arm are also demonstrated. The patient performs the finger-to-nose and finger-to-finger tests, and his movements are stiff and slow. At the end of the film, the patient is given a comb, and he attempts to comb his (bald) head, first using one arm, and then the other. Time start: 00:06:26:16 Time end: 00:12:22:16 Length: 00:05:56:00

Creator/production credits

Produced by Prof. Kleist and Frankfurt University

Terms of use

Some restrictions.

Copyright note

British Medical Association.


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