Introduction. Fatherless antiquity? Perspectives on "fatherlessness" in the ancient Mediterranean / Sabine R. Hübner and David M. Ratzan -- pt. 1. Coping with demographic realities. The demographic background / Walter Scheidel -- Oedipal complexes / Mark Golden -- Callirhoe's dilemma: remarriage and stepfathers in the Greco-Roman East / Sabine R. Hübner -- "Without father, without mother, without genealogy": fatherlessness in the Old and New Testaments / Marcus Sigismund -- pt. 2. Virtual fatherlessness. Bastardy and fatherlessness in ancient Greece / Daniel Ogden -- Fatherlessness and formal identification in Roman Egypt / Myrto Malouta -- pt. 3. Roles without models. Diomedes, the fatherless hero of the Iliad / Louise Pratt -- Sons (and daughters) without father: fatherlessness in the Homeric epics / Georg Wöhrle -- Absent Roman fathers in the writings of their daughters: Cornelia and Sulpicia / Judith P. Hallett -- pt. 4. Rhetoric of loss. The disadvantages and advantages of being fatherless: the case of Sulla / Sabine Müller -- An imperial family man: Augustus as surrogate father to Marcus Antonius' children / Ann-Cathrin Harders -- Cui parens non erat maximus quisque et vetustissimus pro parente: paternal surrogates in imperial Roman literature / Neil W. bernstein -- The education of orphans: a reassessment of the evidence of Libanius / Raffaella Cribiore -- "Woe to those making widows their prey and robbing the fatherless": Christian ideals and the obligations of stepfathers in late antiquity / Geoffrey Nathan.