Martyrdom of Saint Peter. Engraving by A.F. Gelée after S. Coeuré after P.H. Subleyras.

  • Subleyras, Pierre, 1699-1749.
Date:
1700-1799
Reference:
6810i
Part of:
Galerie du Musée Napoléon.
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Martyrdom of Saint Peter. Engraving by A.F. Gelée after S. Coeuré after P.H. Subleyras. Wellcome Collection. Public Domain Mark. Source: Wellcome Collection.

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Description

A fisherman on the lake of Genezareth in Galilee, Saint Peter was, with his brother Andrew, the first of the Apostles. His name was Simon; he was renamed Peter (Kephas in Aramaic, Petros in Greek) by Jesus to indicate that he would be the cornerstone (petra) of the Church. Often depicted with one or two keys, representing his role as gatekeeper of heaven. In the Middle Ages he was invoked against fevers, bouts of madness and snake-bite. Because Peter had put to flight the dogs sent against him by Simon the Magus (in the apocryphal Acts of Peter), hot keys called "the key of St. Peter" (clef de Saint Pierre) were applied to dogs and ther owners to protect them from rabies

Publication/Creation

1700-1799

Physical description

1 print

References note

Jean Adhémar and Jacques Lethève, Inventaire du fonds français après 1800, Bibliothèque nationale, Département des estampes, tome neuvième, Paris 1955, p. 5, probably A.F. Gelée no. 1 ("1. Trois pl. dans la Galerie du Musée, vers 1810.")

Reference

Wellcome Collection 6810i

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