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Digital Images

3D reconstructed elephant hind limbs

Scott Birch

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Free to use with attribution CC BYCredit: Scott Birch
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3D rendered studies of cadaver hind limbs of a euthanized 22 year-old male elephant from the Dallas Zoo, Texas, and sent to Texas A+M University College of Veterinary Medicine for CT (computed tomography) imaging. The models detail bone degeneration of the stifle (knee) and hock (ankle) joints, possibly due to osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease or arthrosis. 563 CT images at 2 millimetres slice thickness were utilised for this series. These 2D images were converted into 3D representations using tissue segmentation based on tissue density, resulting in Stereolithography (.STL) 3D models of the skin and brain, cardiovascular system and skeletal system. The models were then textured and rendered to produce these images. The left model measures 102.45 cm height x 38.66 cm length x 21.03 cm width. The right model measures 117.74 cm height x 45.95 cm length x 30.95 cm width.

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You can use this work for any purpose, including commercial uses, without restriction under copyright law. You should also provide attribution to the original work, source and licence.

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) terms and conditions https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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3D reconstructed elephant hind limbs. Credit: Scott Birch. CC BY


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