Find thousands of books, manuscripts, visual materials and unpublished archives from our collections, many of them with free online access.

3D reconstructed elephant hind limbs

  • Scott Birch
  • Digital Images
  • Online

Available online

view 3D reconstructed elephant hind limbs


Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
You can use this work for any purpose, including commercial uses, without restriction under copyright law. You should also provide attribution to the original work, source and licence.
Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) terms and conditions
Credit: 3D reconstructed elephant hind limbs. Scott Birch. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Selected images from this work

View 1 image

About this work


3D rendered studies of cadaver hind limbs of a euthanized 22 year-old male elephant from the Dallas Zoo, Texas, and sent to Texas A+M University College of Veterinary Medicine for CT (computed tomography) imaging. The models detail bone degeneration of the stifle (knee) and hock (ankle) joints, possibly due to osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease or arthrosis. 563 CT images at 2 millimetres slice thickness were utilised for this series. These 2D images were converted into 3D representations using tissue segmentation based on tissue density, resulting in Stereolithography (.STL) 3D models of the skin and brain, cardiovascular system and skeletal system. The models were then textured and rendered to produce these images. The left model measures 102.45 cm height x 38.66 cm length x 21.03 cm width. The right model measures 117.74 cm height x 45.95 cm length x 30.95 cm width.


Permanent link