A male nude with the parts of the abdomen and thorax labelled. Colour process print, 1926, after a manuscript illustration, 1345.
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About this work
Guido de Vigevano was a fourteenth-century Lombard who served as physician to the Queen of France, Jeanne de Bourgogne. Full-scale facsimiles of the eighteen illustrations to his manuscript of Galenic medicine in the Musée Condé in Chantilly, no. 334 (ex 569), dedicated to King Philip VI of Valois, were published in 1926 by Wickersheimer, together with facsimiles of early editions of the Anatomy of Mundinus. The Vigevano illustrations depict the anatomy of the abdomen, thorax, and head, demonstrated on a skeletal cadaver, as well as examples of medical treatment of living patients. This plate is of a living nude male labelled to show the sites of the interior anatomy of the figure. The left side of the chest is accordingly labelled "cor" and, on either side of the abdomen, the word "ren" designates the position of each kidney, and so on. This was to aid in diagnosing which part of the body was affected in illness. For other illustrations from the same manuscript, see catalogue nos 26646, 26662, 26665, 26682, 26684
Hec est prima figura anothomie fc
[Paris] : [E. Droz], 
1 print : collotype, printed in colour ; image 29.6 x 21.4 cm
R. Herrlinger, History of medical illustration from antiquity to A.D. 1600, tr. G. Fulton-Smith, Nijkerk 1970, pp. 40-41
L. Choulant, History and bibliography of anatomic illustration, tr. and ed. M. Frank, Chicago 1920, revd ed. 1945, pp. 60-61
G. Wolf-Heidegger and A. M. Cetto, Die Anatomische Sektion in bildlicher Darstellung, Basel and New York 1967, nos 4-6, pp. 128-130
Wellcome Library no. 26656i
This is a facsimile from Guido de Vigevano's manuscript, the "Liber notabilium", of 1345 in the Musée Condé, Chantilly, no. 334 (ex. 569). The figures are described in fols 257-273v in a section entitled: "Hec est anothomia Philipi septimi [sic], Francorum regis, designata per figuras per Guidonem, medicum suprascripti regis"